How 3d Printing Has Changed The Game In The Medical Field
Many health researchers now use 3D printing to explore new medical applications and technologies. Biomedical engineers can now use surgical devices such as calipers, hemostats, scalpel clamps, etc. These tools are also much cheaper than other medical instruments produced using traditional production methods. 3D printing freight measure has been used in the health industry to produce simple and complex prostheses, as well as surgical implants. In addition, 3D printing can be used to produce custom prosthetic limbs suitable for a specific patient. 3D-printed medical devices and devices are used as models for medical marketing and education.
However, bio-inprimed tissues and organs are at the laboratory level; A long way must be taken to achieve successful clinical application . The importance of three-dimensional printing has also been demonstrated in other applications. In fact, additive production has been used to plan surgical treatment of orthopedic conditions in children . The 3D model of a 2-year-old male child was produced to plan the surgical treatment of his multisutral craniosynostosis with a history of worsening of cranial malformation. In addition to the turbracefal skull, the boy also had the intracranial pressure with papilledema and copper greatly increased when the skull appeared.
Endocon GmbH, a German medical device manufacturer, has used 3D metal printing to create an alternative surgical tool for hip cup removal. Traditionally, this is a 30-minute procedure performed with a chisel, but chisel can sometimes damage tissue and bones, resulting in an uneven surface, making it difficult to insert a new hip implant. With the amazing things that happen with 3D printing in the medical industry, including detailed 3D models, custom tools, prostheses, bone reconstruction and synthetic organs, there is no doubt that this is the future of healthcare. Several sectors within the medical industry benefit from 3D printing, including orthopedics and dentistry.
Doctors then inject this filament or count towards the patient, where he administers his medication and naturally dissolves it in the body. Some physicians now imagine that patients use a 3D printer for the home to print their own medicines by mixing “ink” containing the individual chemicals that make up a particular drug. At the touch of a button, the machine would mix the right chemicals on request to make the pills you made yourself.
New biocompatible medical 3D printing materials have also enabled the development of new surgical devices and techniques with the express aim of further improving the clinical experience during surgery. These include sterilizable mounting shells, contour insoles and implant size models that can be used to dimension implants in the operating room before cutting for the first cut, reducing surgeons’ time and increasing the precision of complex procedures. 3D printing has many functions in different industries, but in the medical field it has four main applications. Allie Nawrat discovered how this technology can be used to replace transplants from human organs, accelerate surgical procedures, produce cheaper versions of the required surgical devices, and improve the lives of people who depend on prostheses. Spritam, a pill made with powder bed technologies, has been developed for the treatment of epilepsy. Spritam, developed by Aprecia Pharmaceuticals, opened the door to personalized pills, allowing treatment for each patient at different doses.
Today, various techniques and printing materials are available to better reproduce the patient’s anatomy. Most of the available printing materials are rigid and therefore not optimal for flexibility and elasticity, unlike organic tissue . Therefore, there are materials today that can bridge the gap between real and reproduced anatomy, especially given soft tissue . This analysis presents an overview of the application of 3D printing in the medical field, highlighting its usefulness and limitations and how it can be useful for surgeons. The three-dimensional printed model based on data from computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging has contributed to a more complete valuation of the intracardiac anatomy, leading to a successful surgical repair for three out of five patients. Finally, CT and MRI data were used to build digital and anatomical 3D models to plan a surgical heart transplant procedure for two 2- and 14-year-old patients relatively affected by left-hand hypoplastic syndrome and pulmonary atresia.
The models allow physicians to understand the patient’s anatomy that is difficult to visualize, especially when using minimally invasive techniques. Doctors can also use the models to explain an upcoming medical procedure to patients and their families and to communicate the surgical steps to their colleagues. Manufacturers can also use early 3D-printed parts to support clinical trials or early marketing, while still optimizing final design. The time to print parts is often much faster compared to traditional production methods, but it still takes a long time to scan data conversion to produce a printable file.
Conversely, when creating a 3D printed piece for personalized medical care, doctors have an artistic and medical license and the responsibility to treat patients safely. As this field grows, Dr. Rybicki says he is concerned that medical artists will impose very few limits on them. When creating custom devices, a laser scan is usually performed on the patient to create a 3D digital surface display of the anatomy. A 3D-printed guide can help a surgeon align holes and incisions with a patient’s anatomy.
The 3D printing process can also be useful for producing medical devices and medicines. 3D printing technologies are increasingly used to develop specific organ models and surgical devices for the patient, using the patient’s own medical images. These technologies and related benefits enable researchers to improve existing medical applications using 3D printing technology and explore new ones.
The 3D printing process used to create this exceptional proof of concept is the stereolithographic device for tissue engineering. By using light for a digital projector, this bioprint process creates hydrogels layer by layer. One of the many types of 3D printing used in the field of medical devices is bioprinting.